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Vocabulary exercises

Exercise 1.Find in the text

· the synonyms to the following words: minor accident; to resist or oppose the stress; passenger; the room inside the car; to injure or to override somebody;

· Russian equivalents: SUV, truck, manufacturers, severe accident, shoulder-restraint belts, crumple zones, safety features;

· English equivalents: подушка безопасности, пристегнуть ремни безопасности, зона смятия (максимального повреждения), опрокидывание автомобиля, устойчивость конструкции.

Exercise 2.Translate the sentences paying attention to the different meanings of the word ‘drive’.

· to run the car

· to go somewhere by car

· to override somebody or to damage something by the car

· to give somebody a lift

· to mean something particular

1. The guests got into their cars and drove away. 2. Just what are you driving at? 3. She drove me to the station. 4. Let's drive out into the country, it's such a nice day. 5. She drives a car skillfully. 6. I drove into another car as I was coming out of the car park. Fortunately, it was a minor accident.

Exercise 3. Read the dialogue and then make your own.

Policeman: Good evening, could you show me your driver’s license?

Driver: Here it is. What is wrong?

P: Nothing serious. We try to check all the cars of coming to our city today. It is a great holiday here. There are a lot of people and lots of cars. You should mind it when trying to find a parking lot.

D: Ok. Thanks. Could you tell how much does it cost to park my car in the centre of the city? My wife and I took our children to the festival and we’d like to have our car near by.

P: Ten twenty per hour, but on holiday it’s much more expensive about seventeen dollars.

D: That’s a lot isn’t it?

P: I think so, that’s why I take my car to the centre not as often as I’d like. Don’t forget about other drivers willing to get to the centre and we have a very heavy traffic. If you go to the centre by car now, you will have to spend all the night in a traffic jam. I advise you to go to the first right turn and find a parking centre near the tube station. You visit the place you need and then you won’t have problems with going home.

D: Thank you, we’ll do just this.

P: You are welcome

Exercise 4.Translate the sentences into English.

1. Каждый покупатель автомобиля имеет право на пробную поездку. 2. Ремни безопасности спасают жизни пассажиров при столкновениях, но могут и поранить ребенка. 3. Будьте внимательны, когда вы за рулем (управляете автомобилем). 4. При столкновении легкового автомобиля и грузовика пассажиры первого пострадают серьезнее. 5. Безопасность на дорогах зависит от всех участников дорожного движения.

Exercise 5.Translate the sentences into Russian.

1. Slow down, you might run someone over. 2. There was a terrible crack-up on the expressway. 3. The car hit a tree and overturned. 4. He advertised for а used car. 5. Next you must learn how to back a car into a parking space. 6. Harry had just bought a new car, and his son went and drove it into a lamppost! 7. Driving without seat belts is against the law. 8. The head-on collision between a passenger car and a truck is the most dangerous road accident. 9. The road is full of abrupt turns. 10. Last week she was involved in serious car accident because of her bad habit to speak over the hand-set while driving. 11. Drivers and passengers have to fasten a seat belt, except if they have certain medical conditions, and nowadays seatbelts should be also worn in the back seat. 12. If you “drink drive” (drive after drinking alcohol), the penalties can be severe. 13. Drivers should look over their right shoulder so that they can see what is happening in their blind spot – the place behind you that you can not see – even with mirrors. 14. If you break down, you should stay in the hard shoulder (a narrow lane on the left) and wait for assistance. 15. The accident was his fault, so he had to pay the damage to the other car.

Exercise 6.Match words with their meaning and translate the sentences with them.

1. traffic lights 2. junction 3. bend 4. pedestrian crossing 5. a blind corner 6. lane 7. motorway 8. speed limit 9. to overtake 10. collision a. large, wide roads which are divided into some parts (most motorways have 3 or more lanes) b. a crash in which two moving vehicles hit each other c. in other words, it’s traffic way d. place where pedestrians can cross the road e. just the same as a sudden turn of a road f. the mechanism that controls the traffic flow. g. intersection h. to pass a car which is in front of you i. a corner around which one cannot see k. maximal velocity of a car on the part of the road

1. Never overtake on a blind corner. 2. On motorways the speed limit is higher than on other roads, and there are at least three lanes of traffic. 3. Be especially careful to respect the speed limits on the road. 4. There are two main types of pedestrian crossing: zebra crossing that are marked by white stripes in the road, and pelican crossing where a red flashing light means the driver has to let pedestrians cross. 5. He was injured when the car he was in was involved in a collision. 6. You should get in lane according to which exit you need. 7. A sign tells you what the maximum speed limit is and if you break the speed limit, you may get a fine or points on your licence. 8. The dual carriageway was divided into two lanes in each direction. 9. There are many hidden speed cameras in operation, so watch out! 10. You have to take extra care when overtaking, joining or leaving the motorway. 11. In short, learner drivers (those who haven’t yet passed their driving tests). 12. Some junctions are controlled by traffic lights, and here the same rules apply as for traffic lights on other roads.

Exercise 7.Match the words with definitions.

1. Engine   2. Driver or motorist   3. Hood or bonnet   4. Trunk or boot   5. Wheel   6. Steering wheel     7. Speedometer   8. Gas pedal or Accelerator a. covered space in the back where you put and carry your luggage. b. a circular object that turns around on a rod attached to its center, four such things fixed un­derneath the vehicle and actually move it. c. a metal cover over the engine of the vehicle. d. the part of the vehicle that produces the power to make it move. e. a person who drives the vehicle. f. a pedal in a vehicle which is pressed to make the vehicle go faster. g. the circular object held by the driver when driv­ing, used to direct the vehicle's movement. h. the gauge that shows the speed you are driving at.

Exercise 8.Match the type of auto with its description.

1. Coupe   2. Convertible   3. Saloon/Sedan   4. Hatchback   5. Station wagon   6. Minivan     7. Limousine a. a large car with more than five passenger seats and usually five doors; rear seats can be folded or removed. b. a long, extended variant of a saloon/sedan, has up to six doors; number of seats varies; com­monly used for fashionable occasions or by celebrities. c. a large car that looks like a small bus with at least six passenger seats; a popular family car. d. a car with a soft roof that can be folded or removed. e. a car with seats for four or five people with four doors, a fixed roof and a boot/trunk separated from the rear seats. f. a car with seat for four or more people with boot/trunk not separated from the rear seats; rear seats can be folded or removed; has either three or five doors. g. a car with seats for two or more people with two doors, a fixed roof and a boot/trunk sepa­rated from the rear seats.

Exercise 9.Be ready to discuss or tell in a few words about the stated below problems that are concerned with the traffic safety. Use the following:

I don’t really know, but I think… I consider

To tell the truth I know a little about …, but…

…is something I am familiar with it. I can tell about …

1. What should you do to prevent the collisions? Prove your opinion.

2. Is it true that the road is the most dangerous place in the world? Discuss this issue.

3. Why do we have so many minor accidents in the urban areas?

4. Air bags and shoulder belts can save passenger life in any case.

5. Children should be kept in their special place in the car.

6. Any modern country has a lot of problems with traffic.

7. Drivers create traffic jams themselves.

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