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1. yeo oa ocoeoce pao p x eoxoo accpoa, .e. oe opeeee py, coeceo paoy pay acca.

: oape (oapo-cpee), ooe, ae p p pya.

o npny opaa (po ocyapca coa p) paa a a p:

Ø yo-paoe (ocyapcee p);

Ø aco-paoe (ace p).

, oce yo-paoo xapaep, Pocc opo ocyapco coac a ocoe aoa P o pax. eo ao p oe ca o pepae ao , aece opo peecp e opeee aep oopoa. a, e ec ea p, ae ocac coepe oepa coaco popeae pao ea. Tae p pacpocpae Epoe (pa, e, oa).

p, ee aco-paoo xapaep, paoa A, CA. Ha p op ocy oo yoo pya , xox pey . co eo ax p opaeo. p oo a c ae oeca. x yca aa ec a opeeeoe oeco ae (cepao). Ka e p oe aee xo ooo a (cepaa), oop ae ey pao aa ce oee p.

copec p Pocc e cayc yo-paooo ya, axoeoc o opoe eocpeceo ee ceax ocyapcex opao ypae. p opaa p Pocc 1990-1991 . a ceaa oa pa cayc aco-paooo cya, eeoc oopoo ea po caoopaa caoypae peoo cooeca. Bo co cyae p coaac e a ocyapcee opaa, a a aoepe oeca. oe ooc ooc poccce p ac po accoa, oope pyoocyc apy c oa aooaeco coce paa caoypae.

o ope yac noceee opax p oy op .

B opax a apx pax pa yace ee ocoe e, oe po pex ocpeo, poeccoa .

B opax a opx pax, poe ocox eo pex ocpeo, oy pa yace ocee. p ope p a yx o:

Ø co opa pa, a oopo opaeo e oa ooac ycya ocpeo. x ae ooe oe e , a a a ax pax oeceaec coo ocy peoe oo e- aao-oyaee;




Ø pa pa ceaoo a, a opo eocpeceo c poaa oyae pyc e py ocpeo;

1) poep, paoae o e a ce ea;

2) ep, ocyece oepa a pe o coeo e a co ce.

B cooec c ycaa oco oapx p ae cpae c ap.

o oeaype oapo, xc o6eo peoo opa, o opaec a yepcae (oeo a) eapoae.

a yepcax pax eyc op o pooy pyy paoopax oapo.

Ceapoae p e ooapy ceaa ceaa o pya oapo. Cpe x e p pooo po yoceapoae.

B acoc o eca po p poo opoe x po e a eyapoe aoae.

eyapoe p peca coo oco ocoo ecyeo oooo pa, oxaa ecoo ocyapc, a oopo coepac ce y-poa a opeeee pee oap. B paoe ax p oy yacoa pecae eox pyo pax . Oe ocoeoc eyapox p c oeceee coooo epeoa p, oyaeo o pe oepa, a ae aee ceyx (appax) ceo, oope a oooc oye p a pae opoax e a pax pax cpa.



Haoae p ecy peeax ooo oeo oo ocyapca, ya ocoeoc pa ooca, opae opee aepax pecypco, pcye ao cpae.

oe p, ecyx Pocc, eyapo.

o xapaepy onepa poa paa peo opo ee ceye p:

peaoo oapa;

epce;

ooe;

ceae.

pa peaoo oapa xapaepa aaoo aa peo opo. yeceo epo p peaoo oapa c oaea poaa ocaa oapa oce poee .

Pacpee peo opo peo coa p ooo a , epcx p. x opaoae opaae pepaee p pa peaoo oapa po pa a oap.

oe p ae pa oy po poo ooe. O coyc cpaxoa yaco peo opo, a a a oooc oyae ooo opa ooe y p ae pex ceo.

Ec epce p o ye ao ( CA ao paoa c 1848 .), o ooe p oc coce eao ( 80-x oax XX .). ooy a ox pax oy aac a epce, a ooe e (ooca pa OKC). pocccx p ooo aee a oo pe cex o ceo: c pea oapo, epcx oox. ooy x o cea pa.

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