The Moscow authorities have decided to build garbage recycling and incineration plants in the capital, as landfills in the Moscow Region are almost completely full. Another alternative considered was to transport Moscow’s garbage further from the city, but it would cause a significant rise in the cost of garbage disposal.
Eight recycling plants and six incineration plants are to appear in every district of the capital by 2012, the city government announced Tuesday. According to a source the total number of recycling plants will eventually hit 15.
The deputy mayor of Moscow, Yuri Roslyak, also said that two of three recycling plants in the North-Eastern and Eastern districts of Moscow will undergo reconstruction. As a result, the city’s recycling capacity will soon double.
The project also foresees the building of a plant for the thermal sterilization of medical wastes in the South-Eastern district. Moscow will be able to recycle 54 tons of medical waste after the new plant is erected and the old one in Lyubertsy is modernized.
Roslyak said that city officials intend to focus attention on selective garbage collection. “It should be economically efficient for people, “ he said.
Already, 1,500 ‘fondomats’ (recycle-o-mats), machines which give money in return for correctly sorted garbage, are operating in the city. Last year they helped to collect 60 tons of sorted garbage suitable for recycling. Another 3,500 fondomats are to appear around the city by the end of 2009.
However, the environmental issues continue to disturb residents. Air pollution in the city exceeds acceptable levels several times everyday, mostly at rush hours. Many residents are concerned that.with new incineration plants the air quality will get worse.
City authorities claim it will not happen as all the necessary measures (different kinds of air filters, purification and sewage plants, etc.) for the preservation of air and water quality in the city will be taken.
Moscow News (1500)
garbage [′ga:bidЗ] гниющий мусор
incineration [in∕sinə′rei∫ən] сжигание, кремация
capacity способность, производственная мощность
in return for в обмен на
exceed, v превышать
suitable пригодный, подходящий
32. Translate the following expressions with “city”:
city authorities, city government, city deputy mayor, city districts, city officials, city residents.
33. Match up the expressions in column A with the expressions in column B:
1. заводы по сжиганию мусора a. thermal sterilization
of medical wastes
2. переработка мусора b. purification and sewage plants
3. очистные сооружения 3. garbage recycling
4. воздухоочистительные 4. incineration plants
5. термическая стерилизация 5. air filters
34. Agree or disagree with these statements:
1. The Moscow authorities won’t build garbage recycling and incineration plants in the capital.
2. Eight recycling plants and seven incineration plants are to appear in every district of the capital by 2012.
3. A plant for the thermal sterilization of medical wastes will be build in the North-Eastern district of Moscow.
4. Selective garbage collection will be economically efficient for people.
5. Last year fondomats helped to collect 60 tons of sorted garbage suitable for recycling.
6. The environmental issues don’t disturb residents of Moscow.
35. Try to translate from Russian into English:
1. Москва сможет перерабатывать 54 тонны медицинских отходов, после того как будет возведен новый завод. 2. Городские чиновники намерены обратить внимание на селективный сбор мусора. 3. Восемь мусороперерабатывающих заводов и заводов по сжиганию мусора должны появиться в каждом районе столицы к 2012 году. 4. Экологические вопросы продолжают волновать жителей города. 5. Ежедневые показатели по загрязнению воздуха превышают норму в несколько раз, главным образом в час пик.
36. Answer the questions:
1. Are there any recycling plants or incineration plants in your town? 2. Is elective garbage collection organized in your town? in your region? 3. What are the main environmental problems of your region?