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Active words and word combinations

scientistученый

lifestyleобраз жизни

medical careмедицинское обслуживание

averageсредний

humanчеловек; человеческий

genomeгенетический код, геном

to decodeрасшифровывать, декодировать

incurableнеизлечимый

diseaseболезнь

to cureлечить, излечивать

geneген

to replaceзаменять

to stuff oneself withнабивать желудки

pizzaпицца

hamburgerгамбургер

fatteningспособствующий ожирению, жирный

colaкола

to spoilпортить

healthyздоровый

obeseтучный

diabetesдиабет

to catch upдогонять

lackнехватка

to preferпредпочитать

researchисследование

to stufferстрадать

heart attackсердечный приступ

it’s common knowledgeобщеизвестно

dramaticallyрезко

lung cancerрак легких

heavy smokerзаядлый курильщик

tobaccoтабак; табачный

to investинвестировать, вкладывать

enormousогромный

to advertiseрекламировать

productпродукт, товар

alcoholicалкогольный

Упражнения на первичное закрепление

лексического материала

I. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Do you think people will live longer in the future?

2. Do you believe that one day genetic engineers will be able to correct “gene” mistakes?

3. Do you like fast food? Is it tasty?

4. Why is fast food bad for us?

5. What illnesses does obesity lead to?

6. Are Europeans getting fatter?

7. The USA is the world’s leader in obesity, isn’t it?

8. Do you take regular exercise?

9. How often do you go for a walk?

10. Do you spend much time in front of your TV-set?

11. Why is smoking dangerous?

12. In some countries tobacco and alcohol advertising has been banned (to ban запрещать). Do you think it’s a good idea?

13. Is passive smoking dangerous?

14. Would you like to live a long life?

II. Прочитайте следующие предложения и найдите в тексте, какое утверждение правда, а какое нет:

1. Scientists say that in the future people will live to 90 or 100 instead of 70 and 75 like today.

2. Doctors say that chips and pizzas are healthy.

3. Cola spoils our teeth and coffee shortens our lives.




4. If we eat too much, we’ll become obese, and obesity leads to heart disease, diabetes and other serious illnesses.

5. Europe is the world’s leader in obesity and America is quickly catching up.

6. Lack of exercise is not serious problem.

7. Research shows that young people who don’t take enough exercise often suffer from heart attacks.

8. Smoking and drinking can shorten our lives.

9. For most people smoking and drinking mean disease and even death.

III. Найдите подходящие значение:

Healthy lifestyle гулять, ходить пешком

Human genome тем не менее

To be in a hurry человеческий геном

Home- cooked домашняя еда

To shorten рак легких

Lack of exercise спешить, торопиться

To walk здоровый образ жизни

However страдать

To suffer нехватка физических упражнений

Lung cancer сокращать, укорачивать

IV. Переведите следующие предложения с русского на английский язык:

1. Общеизвестно, что в будущем люди будут жить дольше при помощи улучшенных медикаментов. 2. Мне нравиться быстрое питание, потому что это вкусно. Однако, оно способствует ожирению. 3. Курение вызывает рак легких. 4. Каждое утро я делаю зарядку и хожу на прогулку. 5. Исследования показали, что большинство молодых людей, проводят много времени за компьютером и телевизор.



V. Прочитайте и переведите диалог:

Healthy lifestyle

Teacher: Good morning, my dear students. I’m glad to see you. How are you?

Students: Fine, thanks. And you?

Teacher: I’m fine too. Thank you.

Our topic today is “Healthy lifestyle”. As I see, you look very well: sunburn, strong, healthy. What should we do to keep fit, to be healthy for a long time.

Ann (a student): We should go in for sports.

Teacher: Ok, good. What else?

Dima (a student): Eat healthy meals.

Teacher: What kind of meals? Is it fast food, Dima?

Dima: No, it is not. Actually, fast food, like pizza, hamburger, hot dog, is very tasty, but not healthy.

Teacher: Why, Dima?

Dima: Because, it’s fattening and cause illnesses such as: disease, diabetes and what not.

Teacher: How clever of you, Dima! You are right.

What else shall we do to be healthy?

Olga (a student): Sleep a lot and spend a lot of time outdoors. Today many people prefer to use car and public transport then walk. And it’s very bad.

Teacher: I couldn’t agree more with you, Olga.

And of cause, remember, if you want to live long, you should to be in a good mood, laugh a lot and be on friendly terms with people.

VI. Составьте диалог на английском языке по теме «Здоровый образ жизни».

Упражнения на первичное закрепление

грамматического материала

I. Заполните пропуски предлогами, где это необходимо:

1. We're going to have a test … the 3rd … December. 2. “Could you come to see me … Saturday evening?” “I’d love to.” 3. We live … a block … flats … the centre … Leningrad. Our flat’s … the ground floor. There are three rooms … it. 4. There isn’t a table … the middle … our living-room. The table’s in the corner. There’s piano … the left … the table and a small table … a radio set … it … the right. 5. My daughter likes (loves) playing … the piano. Some … her friends often come to listen … her … the evening. 6. “Where’s the Ministry … Foreign Trade?” “Go … the right. It’s … the corner … the street.” 7. I’m going to speak … him … the telephone tonight. 8. What did you hear … the radio yesterday? 9. When I watch TV or listen … the radio I usually sit … my new arm-chair, it’s very comfortable. 10. What can you see … this picture?

II. Выберите нужное местоимение из данных в скобках:

1. Do you learn (some/any) foreign languages? 2. Have your friends got (some/any) English magazines? 3. I didn’t get (some/any) letters yesterday. 4. Please take (some/any) German book you like. 5. I don’t think we’ve got (some/any) time today to discuss this question.

III. Заполните пропуски следующими модальными глаголами и оборотами: can, could, to be able to, must, have to (have got to), needn’t, shall в соответствующей форме и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. I … not go to the theatre with them last night, I … revise the grammar rules and the words for the test. 2. My friend lives a long way from his office and … get up early. 3. All of us … be in time for classes. 4. When my friend has his English, he … stay at the office after work. He (not) … stay at the office on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and … get home early. 5. … you … work hard to do well in your English? 6. “… we discuss this question now?” “No, we … . We … do it tomorrow afternoon.” 7. I’m glad you … come. 8. “… you … come and have dinner with us tomorrow?” “I’d love to.” 9. “Please send them this article.” “Oh, … I do it now?”

IV. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple:

1. I want to get a medical checkup. I (to go) to my doctor tomorrow. 2. He (to give) me a complete examination. 3. The nurse (to lead) me into one of examination rooms. 4. I (to take) off my clothes and (to put) on a hospital gown. 5. Dr Setton (to come) in, (to shake) my hand, and (to say) “hello”. 6. I (to stand) on his scale so he can measure my height and my weight. 7. He (to take) my pulse. 8. Then he (to take) my blood pressure. 9. After he takes my blood pressure, he (to take) some blood for a blood analysis. 10. He (to examine) my eyes, ears, nose, and throat. 11. He (to listen) to my heart with a stethoscope. 12. Then he (to take) a chest X-ray and (to do) a cardiogram (ECG or EKG). 13. After the checkup I (to go) home and (to wait) for Dr Setton’s call. 14. Dr Setton (to call) me tomorrow afternoon and (to say) to me: “Stop worrying! Your blood analysis is excellent.” He is a very good doctor.

V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или Future Simple. (Все предложения относятся к будущему.):

1.If the weather (to be) nice, we probably (to go) to the beach. 2. If he still (to have) a cold and (not to feel) better, he (not to go) to disco. 3. If you (to decide) to forget about your diet, you (to eat) wedding cake tomorrow. 4. If I (to drink) too much champagne at my friend’s wedding, I (to get) a bad headache. 5. If they (to go) to California next year, they (to visit) his friend in San Francisco. 6. If she (not to work) properly, her boss (to fire) her and (to hire) my sister. 7. I (to see) you before you (to start)?






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