double arrow

There is/are; was/were


Утвердительнаяформа                   Отрицательная форма


Is a book                         isn’t a desk

was                                                 wasn’t

There are two books on the table There    aren’t    any desks in the

Were                                      weren’t      room

Вопросительная форма                 Краткие ответы


Is                 a table                                Yes, there is. No, there isn’t

Are                                                                      Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t.

Was   there any tables in the class?             Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.

Were                                                          Yes, there were. No, there weren’t.


Are there any pictures on the wall. No, there aren’t.

There will be

Утвердительная форма: There will be a good film on TV tomorrow.

Отрицательная форма  There won’t (will not) be a good film on TV tomorrow.

Вопросительная форма: Will there be a good film on TV tomorrow?

Краткая форма:                  Yes, there will be. No, there won’t be.

Exercise 1. Translate the following sentences.


1. There's a good TV set in our classroom.

2. There's a big reading-hall in our library.

3. There's a bus at 8. 30.

4. There are several departments in our University.

5. Are there any letters for me today? - Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.

6. How many players are there in a football team? - There are 11 players in a football team.

7. There was a good film on TV last night.

8. There were 15 students at the previous English lesson.

9. Were there any letters for me yesterday?

10. When I entered our library there were a lot of newspapers to read.

11. The teacher on history is leaving, so there will be a new teacher soon.’

12. Do you think there will be many people at the conference on Friday?

Exercise 2. Use: There is / there isn't/ Is there / there are / there aren't / are there.


1. Klin is an old town. … many old buildings in it

2. … a photograph of your friend in the newspaper.

3. Excuse me, ... a cinema near there? - Yes, at the end of the street.

4. ... five people in my family: my parents, my two sisters and me.

5. How many students... in the class? - Fifteen.

6. ... no lecture halls in this small building.

7. ... a good library in your university?

8. ... many books and magazines in our university library.

9. ... no scientific magazines on this shelf.

10. ... anything on television tonight? - Yes, ... a film at 8. 15 p.m.

Exercise 3. Fill in gaps with there was / was there / there will be

1. ... a good film on TV last night.

2. I'm sorry I'm late. ... a lot of traffic.

3. … any parks in your town two years ago?

4. Twenty years ago ... not many tourists in Moscow. Now there are a lot.

5. ... a football match on TV last night. Did you see it?

6. ... a conference at the club last Friday, but I didn't go.

7. We had a lecture on geography yesterday. …a lot of maps on the wall.

8. … word processors in the computer class last year? How many?

9. Some years ago … a good swimming pool at our University.


Exercise 4.Rewrite in the plural.

Example: Is there a picture on the wall? Are there any pictures on the wall?


1. There is a university in this town.

2. There is a swimming pool in this institute.

3. There is a big canteen in the university.

4. There is a business center near the university.

5. There is a police station in front of the university.

6. There is a lecture hall on the second floor.

7. There is a well-equipped language laboratory near the library.

8. There is an English teacher in the class.

9. There is a book on the table.


Exercise 5. Rewrite these sentences to begin with ‘There’.

Example: Two conferences take place this year. There are two conferences this year.

1. We have English classes every Friday.

2. A meeting is held every Monday.

3. Our University has a lot of departments.

4. We are two in our family.

5. We have two separate rooms on the first floor.

6. Have you got a phone in the teacher’s room?

7. The newspapers are on the shelf.

8. The bookshelf is at the door.

9. They have a good sport ground near the University.

Exercise 6. Use the infinitives to complete the sentences that follow.


To ask to do      to eat     to help   to go

To read to see     to sleep  to wait   to watch


Example: There are no newspapers or books, there is nothing to read.


1. I am tired out, but there is nowhere …. .

2. We are all hungry, but there isn’t very much… .

3. I can’t do it alone, but there is no one… .

4. The students are all bored. They say there is nothing … .

5. I can’t find my way, and there is no one… .

6. We are late. There is no time … .

7. There isn’t really anything…. on TV.

8. We are not going to walk round the town. There isn’t anything interesting… .

9. They are free. They say there is nowhere … .

Stop and Check.

1.Вставьте предлоги, где необходимо.

1. to start … morning exercises

2. to get … … 7 a.m.

3. to last … 9 … 14.30

4. to keep … good order

5. to listen … records

6. to join … scientific society

7. to be … … studies

8. to go … … sports


2. Вставьте пропущенные слова.

(get up, keep the classrooms, the opportunities, gives advice, join, morning exercises, lasts).

1. I’ll … at 7 a.m. tomorrow

2. The students … in good order.

3. We … the different scientific societies.

4. The librarian always … to me.

5. My Daily Routine starts with … .

6. My self-training in the language laboratory… for 2 hours.

7. We use all … to study and rest.


3.Выберите нужную форму будущего времени -will/be going

1. … you take credits in winter?

2. Why are you learning English words? I … have a dictation tomorrow.

3. Nick is on duty today. He … clean classroom.

4. My younger brother … enter this Institute next year.

5. The chief ordered me to come to him. I … go just now.

6. We … have a seminar on History tomorrow. - Really? I’ve forgotten. Then I

 … take some books in our library and … prepare.

7. He is a good sportsman. He … win the competition.


4.Вставьте предлоги времени (at, in, on), где необходимо.

1. We get up … 7 a.m.

2. They will be on leave … Sunday.

3. … the weekend I’ll go to see my parents.

4. We’ll take our credit … 3 months.

5. My friend has become a first-year student … this year.

6. The seminar on history will be … next Monday.

7. We go to the club … evening.

8. Exam on sociology will be … winter.

9. Our next English lesson will be … a week.


5. Подберите соответствующую форму -there to be.

1. … several departments in our University.

2. … a well-equipped gym here.

3. … nobody in the classroom yesterday.

4. … many people at the meeting tomorrow?

5. How many students … at our previous lesson? - … 11 students.

6. … a lot of new girls and boys in our club last Saturday.

7. …TV-set in your classroom? No, … .

8. … some English books on my table.


6. Напишите по-английски.

1. Сотни cтудентов, 365 дней в году, 8-е марта, 18 и 80, 2006 год, 1245 учебников, 23 февраля.


7. Переведите.

1. Мой рабочий день начинается с зарядки.

2. Cтуденты используют все возможности, чтобы учиться хорошо.

3.Мой друг сделает доклад по этой теме.

4.Мы собираемся провести выходные со своими родителями.

5.В нашем университете есть несколько факультетов.

6. В институте есть библиотека с несколькими читальными залами.

7. Куда ты идешь? Я встречаюсь со своими друзьями через полчаса возле метро.


Texts for Reading.

Text 1. Pyotr Bagration (1765-1812).


in honor of - в честь

prince - князь

defeat - поражение

to save -- спасать

retired - отставной, в отставке

mounted - конный

carrabeneer - карабинер

musketeer - мушкетер, мушкетный

to assign - назначать

to resist - сопротивляться

retreat – отступление, переход


Exercise 1. Read the text and answer the questions..


In his “War and peace” Leo Tolstoy describes dinner held in honour of the hero of the Battle near Hollabrunn Prince Pyotr Bagration. Unlike most Russian victories, this victory was actually a defeat in the Russo-Austro-French War of 1805 which, however, did saved the main Russian forces under Kutuzov.

Bagration is above all a Russian hero, yet, he was born in 1765 in the family of a retired colonel from an ancient Georgian family of princes in the town of Kizlyar in Daghestan, which later became the site of terrorist events in the Chechen War in the 1990s. Pyotr Bagration’s whole life passed in the service of the Russian army, first in the Caucasian Musketeer Regiment, then in the Kiev Mounted Chasseur Regiment and the Sofiya Carabineer Regiment; starting as sergeant he reached the rank of colonel in 1798. His military career included taking part in the 17989 military campaigns of Suvorov, also best known for his retreat across the Alps.

 Bagration covered himself with glory in the Napoleonic wars, particularly in 1805-1807.He was always assigned to the most dangerous sectors, nearly always commanding the vanguard of the whole Russian army. In the action at the village of Schongraben, General Bagration lost half his men, but saved the whole Russian Army, his 6,000 men successfully resisting Joachim Murat’s 30,000.

A new page in Bagration’s glory opened in 1812 when Napoleon invaded Russia. The general commanded the 3nd Western Army which was forced to retreat. Bagration’s army managed to rejoin the main forces at Smolensk.

General Bagration covered himself with glory at the Battle of Borodino, or as the French call it, the Battle of Moscow, where he commanded the left wing of the Russian army. Seriously wounded, he was evacuated to Vladimir Province where he died. In 1839 his remains were brought back to the field of Borodino.

The war of 1812 and General Bagration are still symbols of military glory.



1. What family was Bagration born?

2. Where was he born?

3. What was his father’s rank?

4. How long did Bagration live?

5. What army did he serve?

6. What regiments did he serve?

7. What was his first rank?

8. What rank did he reach in 1798?

9. What army did he commanded in 1812?

10. Where was he wounded?

11. When and where did he die?

12. What happened in 1839?


Text 2. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790).


to destine – предопределять                     to improve -улучшать

to invent – изобретать                               to quote - цитировать

to frame - придавать форму                      to entertain - развлекать

to enlist – вербовать на военную службу to contain –содержать, включать

to abolish slavery – отменять рабство          to print - печатать

to establish – основывать                          an essay - очерк

to issue- издавать                                       a tide -прилив и отлив    

to appear – случаться                                 counselor - советник

an appeal – воззвание, призыв                  a fair - ярмарка

vary – разниться; various – различный    court -суд


Benjamin Franklin, American printer, author, scientist, statesman and diplomat, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, into a poor family. He learned to read at a very early age, probably taught by his father, who destined him for the Church and sent him at eight years to a grammar school. At the age of ten Benjamin began to work in his father’s little soap shop. Benjamin read whatever book he could find, and by 1722 he was writing his own essays on various topics.

Reading made Franklin one of the most educated men of his time. His activities were varied. In the 1740s he experimented on electricity and invented the lightning rod for the protection of buildings. In the 1750s Franklin was sent to Britain to defend the interests of the American Colonies before the British Parliament. During the War of Independence he helped to frame the Declaration of Independence (1776). That same year he was sent to France, where he enlisted French help for the American Colonies and later negotiated peace with Britain (1783). After the War of Independence Franklin was chosen as a member of the Convention to frame the Constitution of the United States (1787). He wrote many political and satirical pamphlets defending the rights of all men, including the Negroes and the Indians, and became president of the society for the abolition of slavery.

But let us return to Benjamin Franklin the printer. In 1723 he left his native town for Philadelphia, where he first worked in a print-shop and later established his own printing business. In 1733 he began to issue his famous “Poor Richard’s Almanac”, which continued to appear for about 25 years. The almanac was a combination calendar, miniature encyclopedia, and a moral counselor. It noted the holidays, the tides, the dates of the fairs and the court sessions, and it contained jokes, poems, recipes and saying. Perhaps the secret of the genius and humanity of Franklin was in his talent for both enjoyment and practicality. As he himself noted in his “Autobiography”, he tried to make “Poor Richard’s Almanac” both entertaining and useful, and “therefore filled all the little spaces that appeared between the remarkable days in the calendar with proverbs.”. Many of his sayings were not original, but he changed them. These practical words of advice to the people, improved by Franklin’s talent for simple, humorous writing, had universal appeal. Many of them, in one form or another, are still quoted today. Among the best known are the following:

The noblest question in the world is, “What good may I do in it?”

Lost time is never found again.

Glass, china, and reputation are easily cracked, and never well mended.

Being uneducated is not so dishonorable as being unwilling to learn.

He that cannot obey, cannot command.


Exercise 1. Read the text and divide it into logical parts.


Exercise 2.Give the right order of the events.

1. lightning rod

2. Great Britain

3. Grammar school

4. Boston

5. Philadelphia

6. Soap Shop

7. France

8. Poor Richard’s Almanac

9. Member of the Convention

10. The War of Independence

Exercise 3. Match a line in A with a line in B.


A           B

1706           - lightning rod

1722           - Britain

1723           - print shop

1733           - started his literary career

1740           - collection of sayings

1750           - birthday

1757           - Poor Richard’s Almanac

1776           - peace with Britain

1783           - death

1787           - Constitution

1790           - the Declaration of Independence


Exercise 4. Answer the questions.


What was he?

What family was he born?

What age did he start work at?

Did he receive school education?

What was he fond of?

What did he invent?

What did he do in Britain?

What did he do in France?

What documents did he help to frame?

Whose rights did he defend?

What did he do in Philadelphia?

What did he issue?

What was it?


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