There is a chair in front of the desk.
Exercise 3. Get to know if there is/are anything/ anybody in your classroom.
Is there a pen on the table? – Yes, there is. - No there is not.
Are there any students in the classroom? - Yes, there are some.
- No, there are not.
Exercise 4. Get to know what there is/there are in your classroom.
What is there on the table? – There is a pen. –There are some pens.
Exercise 5. Make sure you know the following word combinations.
To become specialists, to enter a college, several departments, to study at a college, to keep classrooms in good order, to listen to records, to be interested in research work, to read scientific magazines, to join a library, to give good advice, to use all the opportunities, to take part in the activities of the hobby-group, to go in for various sports indoors, to pay much attention to physical culture.
Exercise 6.Make up sentences.
The young people enter a special education
The students study classrooms in good order
listen to sports
keep many subjects
go in for the lecturers
The senior students work in research work
are interested reports
make at the language laboratory
Our sportsmen discuss much time on training
pay much attention to sport societies
spend different problems
join physical culture
Exercise 7. Read the text.
I am a first-year student. I study at a Social-Economic Institute. There are several departments in our Institute. They are: the economic department, the department of management, the linguistic department, the design, the department of informatics and modern technology and others. The classrooms we study in are large and light. The students keep them in good order and clean them up every day.
There are many lecture halls in our Institute; history and engineering rooms, physics laboratory and many others. There is a well-eqiupped language laboratory at our Institute. We listen to records and work with tape-recorders there. This self-training helps us to improve our knowledge of English.
We study there for five years. We listen to the lectures of our teachers and get much interesting information on many problems. We study many subjects: history, philosophy, sociology, psychology, foreign languages and others.
In the senior years the students who are interested in research work join scientific societies. At the meeting of these societies they make reports and discuss scientific problems.
Our Institute has a library with large reading halls and shelves full of books, newspapers and scientific magazines. Any student may join the library and work in its reading halls or get books there. Experienced librarians always give the students good advice and recommend them what book to take. The students can take not only scientific literature but fiction as well; novels and short stories.
Our students pay much attention to physical culture and go in for sports. In our Institute there is a large gym where the students get training in various kinds of sports. They spend much time on training at their stadium, on the valley-ball and basketball courts, on the sport ground. The students join sports societies where excellent coaches train them in various kinds of sport.
We use all the opportunities to study and to rest in our Institute. We want to become well-trained and highly-educated specialists.
Exercise 8.Complete the following sentences.
1. I study at …
2. We study here for …
3. There are several departments in … .
4. The classrooms we study in are … .
5. The students keep them in … .… .
6. We listen to … .
7. The students who are interested in research work join … .
8. Our Institute has a library with… .
9. Our students pay much attention to … .
10. We use all the opportunities to … .
11. We want to become … .
Exercise 9. Arrange the words in pairs.
a). to get, to listen to, to keep, to spend, to read, to pay, to join, to use.
b). sport societies, lecturers attentively, all the opportunities, education, classrooms in order, time, attention, fiction.
Exercise 10. Find the equivalents.
a). to train, to keep in good order, study-room, gym, court, opportunities, society, various.
b). different, sport-hall, possibilities, to clean, to teach, ground, hobby-group, class-room.
Exercise 11. Find the opposites.
a). junior, military, large, light, good, to rest, many, trained, interesting, foreign, new, experienced, short.
b). boring, old, to work, dark, few, unexperienced, civilian, long, small, senior, native, bad, untrained.
Exercise 12. Fill in the prepositions.
1. In large lecture-halls the students listen … lectures… various subjects. 2. There are many shelves full … books … our library. 3. The students borrow books … library. 4. … the senior years the students are interested … research work. 5. Our students go … … various kinds of sport. 6. We spend much time … research work. 7. This film is very popular … us. 8. They pay much attention … physical culture. 9. My friend spends his free time … the club. 10. They spend much time … training … the stadium. 11. The students study … the Institute … five years.
Exercise 13. Translate into English.
1.Молодые люди получают образование в различных университетах. 2. В нашем университете есть несколько факультетов. 3. Они содержат классы в чистоте и порядке. 4. В нашем институте - много лекционных залов, кабинетов, есть хорошая библиотека. 5. Студенты проводят много времени в читальном зале нашей библиотеки 6. Они читают книги, журналы, художественную литературу. 7. Мой друг внимательно слушает лекторов. 8. В университете есть много различных кружков и научных групп. 9. Моя подруга уделяет много внимания спорту. 10. Многие студенты вступают в различные спортивные секции. 11. Мы используем любую возможность для учебы и отдыха. 12. Студенты хотят стать образованными специалистами.
Exercise 14. Answer the following questions.
1. Where do you study?
2. Are there any departments in your Institute? What are they?
3. What halls and study- rooms are there in your Institute?
4. What do you do in your language laboratory?
5. What subjects do you study at the Institute?
6. Are you interested in research work?
7. What books do you read in the library?
8. Do you pay much attention to physical culture?
9. Where do you get training in various kinds of sport?
10. Where do you spend your free time?
11. Why do you work in the language laboratory?
12. Why do you go in for sports?
Exercise 15.Speak on:
1. Our Institute (several departments, lecture-halls, study-rooms);
2. Our study at the Instiitute (to listen to the lectures, to get much interesting information, many problems, to study subjects, to become well-trained and highly-educated specialists);
3. Our language laboratory (to listen to records, to work with tape recorders, self-
training, to spend much time on …, to improve one’s knowledge of …);
4. Our library (reading halls, shelves full of books, newspapers, scientific magazines, to join the library, to take books, experienced librarians, to give good advice, fiction);
5. Our gyms (to pay attention to physical culture, to go in for sports, to train in different kinds of sports, to spend much time on, to join sport societies).
Exercise 16.Remember the following words.
academic - учебный, академический
additional – добавочный, дополнительный
adults – взрослый, совершеннолетний
advance – продвигать(ся), делать успехи
consist - состоять
crоp – урожай, сельскохозяйственная культура
depend on – зависеть (от)
education - образование
elementary - начальный
high – средний (зд.)
involve – вовлекать, затрагивать
be proud of - гордиться
public – общественный, государственный
remain - оставаться
severe – суровый, жестокий
pass – сдавать (экзамен), проходить, проезжать
Fill the missing (words: academic, additional, adults, advance, consist of, crop, depend on, education, elementary, high, involve proud, public(2), remain, severe, pass).
Education in Alaska
There is much … debate among teachers of different nations how to improve education in … natural conditions. Organisation of some … programmes might be a solution to the problem. This is what American teachers say about school … in Alaska. Just think of Alaska! Terrible winter cold of -50C, soft white snow everywhere around, the bright blue sky above, and small wooden houses at the distance of eighty hundred, two hundred and over kilometers from one another.
Few … grow in Alaska. Young children of Eskimos, Indians and white Americans traditionally help the … to hunt and fish, because the family’s wealth still … on these. Public life does not … much social activity in this severe region. However, local school education …of: elementary and … just like in any other American town or village. Also, … school for children of 6-12 often includes pre-school activity for little children of four and five. It may be a shock for an outsider to see the adults … in the sledges, primitively run by dogs, in contract to their five year-old son watching an … video film and their seven year-old daughter studying the … of Roman civilization at the computer. According to the government programmes once in two weeks a teacher arrives in the plane to every Alaska child to check his academic progress< and to give him new tasks, and new computer programmes.
The children, living in Alaska today … faster than children of other regions and easily pass difficult exams to most prestigious universities and colleges of the U.S. and Canada. Yes, life among the Alaska nature … severe, but it makes the children active and strong. Modern school and higher education help them become the most original and unique in their scientific, engineering, and business ideas.
So, why not go to Alaska if you want to be … of your children.
Speak on the educational programmes of Alaska.
There + to be
Оборот there + to be(есть, имеется, существует, находится) указывает на наличие (или отсутствие) в определенном месте или временном отрезке какого-либо лица или предмета.
Перевод предложений с этим оборотом следует начинать с обстоятельства места или времени.
There is a newspaper on the table. - На столе (есть, имеется, находится) газета.
There was a meeting at the University last week. - На прошлой неделе в университете было собрание.
Will there be a meeting at the University tomorrow? – Завтра в университете будет собрание?