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1. Переведите следующие слова и выражения:


Legal system

Sources of law

Written Law


Civil Law

Magistrates’ court

Civil case

County court

House of Lords


2. Дополните следующие предложения:

1. There are some common features to all systems in the UK …

2. The sources of law include …

3. The lowest courts are called …

4. Magistrates’ courts are presided over by …

5. Court of Appeal hears …

3. Выполните следующий тест:

1. The lowest courts are:

a) Courts of Appeals

b) Magistrates’ courts

c) Crown courts

2. Magistrates’ court consists of between:

a) Two to seven magistrates

b) One magistrate

c) Twenty magistrates

3. The final criminal appellate tribunal is :

a) The House of Commons

b) District court

c) House of Lords

4. Common Law is based on:

a) Personal opinion of a judge

b) Judicial precedent

c) On the Queen’s opinion

5. Central Criminal Court of London is known as:

a) Supreme Court

b) Old Bailey

c) Crown Court

4. Переведите следующий отрывок из текста:

The sources of law include written law (statutes, Acts of Parliament) and unwritten law (Common law and Equity). Common law is based on judicial precedent. It means that when one judge had decided a point of law, any other judge who has the similar set of facts must decide case in the same way as in the earlier judgment.

The lowest courts are called Magistrates’ courts, or police courts. Magistrates’ courts are presided over by Justices of the Peace (JP), or lay magistrates. They work part-time and are unpaid. The courts consist of between two to seven magistrates.

The Crown court deals with all more serious criminal cases. Appeals from Magistrates’ courts are also heard there. The accused have the right to be tried by the jury.

County courts are the main civil courts. The High court hears all those civil cases that cannot be decided by county courts.

The Court of Appeal hears both criminal and civil appeals. But the final criminal appellate tribunal is the House of Lords.

5. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. What does the sources of law include?

2. What courts are the lowest ones?

3. What cases does the Crown court deal with?

4. Does the Court of Appeal hear both criminal and civil cases?

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