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Exercise 1. Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

метеорологические условия; температура воздуха и осадки; экстремальные погодные условия; образцы растительности и почвы; полушарие; годовая температура; обильное выпадение осадков; вечная мерзлота; ледниковый покров; дневные температуры; низкая влажность.

Exercise 2

Complete the sentences:

1. Two of the most important factors determining an area's climate are …

2. World biomes are controlled by …

3. The Köppen Climate Classification System is the most widely used for classifying the …

4. Moist Tropical Climates are known for their …

5. The five primary classifications can be further divided into secondary classifications such as …

6. Tundra occurs in …

7. A desert is a landscape form or region that receives …

Exercise 3

Answer the questions:

1. What are the most important factors determining an area's climate?

2. What is the most widely used climate classification system?

3. How many major climate types does the Köppen system recognize?

4. What are they based on?

5. What are the five primary types of climate classifications? Can you describe them?

6. What are the secondary classifications of these primary groups?






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