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Погода - Температура

холодный, прохладный, зябкий, ледяной

холодный, холод, стужа, замерзший

замерзание, заморозки, леденящий

горячий, жаркий

мягкий, умеренный, несуровый

палящий, раскаленный, обжигать

теплый, жаркий, нагретый

Погода – Глаголы

накаляться до красна или добела, светиться, сверкать

замерзать, превращаться в лед, морозить

hail

pour (with rain)

rain

shine

Climate

altitude

biome

climate

climatic

desert

drought

humidity

hurricane

latitude

monsoon

precipitation

rainforest

savanna

steppe

westerly

идти (о граде), сыпаться градом

лить, литься (о дожде)

идти (о дожде)

светить (о солнце)

Климат

высота над уровнем моря

биом

климат

климатический

пустыня

засуха

влажность

ураган

широта

муссон

осадки

тропический лес, влажные джунгли

саванна

степь

западный ветер


Vocabulary Exercises

Exercise 1

Make all possible derivatives from the following words:

Sun, rain, snow, freeze

Exercise 2

Chose the words from the topical vocabulary to match the definitions:

- a loud rumbling or crashing noise heard after a lightning flash due to the expansion of rapidly heated air;

- a feathery ice crystal, typically displaying delicate sixfold symmetry;

- small balls of ice that fall like rain from the sky;

- a thick cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the atmosphere at or near the earth's surface that obscures or restricts visibility;

- a violent disturbance of the atmosphere with strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow;

- the occurrence of a natural electrical discharge of very short duration and high voltage between a cloud and the ground or within a cloud, accompanied by a bright flash and typically also thunder;

- a waterless, desolate area of land with little or no vegetation, typically one covered with sand;

- a severe, often destructive storm, esp. a tropical cyclone.

Exercise 3

Use the words from the topical vocabulary to fill in the gaps.

1. Suddenly rain … down.

2. Heavy … made travel absolutely impossible this winter.

3. The sky became dark with … and it began to … heavily.

4. The sun was …. brightly in the … sky.

5. When there is …, there are tiny drops of water in the air which form a thick cloud and make it difficult to see things.

6. The … is of concern to environmentalists because of its role as a source of biodiversity, and as a sink for large volumes of carbon dioxide.






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