Mary: Why did you go home before the party had finished?
John: I had forgotten to switch my TV-set off.
Mary: What had happened when you got home?
John: My brother had switched it off for me.
Mary: Then why didn’t you come back to the party?
John: Oh, I had left the TV on deliberately (намеренно) because I didn’t want to stay at the party.
**Exercise 8. Use the correct tense forms.
1. He (to find) that the lady (not to be) so young as he (to expect). 2. When Frederik II (to see) a new soldier in his army he always (to ask) the same questions: “How old you (to be)? How long you (to serve) in my army?” 3. Since 1147 the name of Moscow (to be) on the pages of history. 4. Prince Yuri Dolgoruky (to found) Moscow. 5. You (to make) the tour of Moscow? – Yes, we (to make the acquaintance) of all its sights yesterday.
Exercise 9. Use the Future Perfect Tense. § 8.4.3.
1. When the uncle returns from Australia his son (to grow up). 2. By the end of this year I (to learn) English very well. 3. I’ll need this magazine. … you (to look it through) by morning? 4. If you come at 9 the concert (to finish). 5. We mustn’t be late. They (to eat) everything by the time we come. 6. Before they choose a suitable house they (to see) hundreds of them. 7. When you go out it (to stop raining). 8. By the end of May she (to pass) all the exams.
Exercise 10. Translate into English using the verbs in the Present, Past or Future Simple Passive. § 8.7.
Мне рассказали Мне рассказывают Мне расскажут
Ее привели Ее приводят Ее приведут
Нам ответили Нам отвечают Нам ответят
Им дали Им дают Им дадут
Ему помогли Ему помогают Ему помогут
Нас пригласили Нас приглашают Нас пригласят
Его позвали Его зовут Его позовут
Exercise 11. Use the verbs in brackets in the Present, Past or Future Simple Passive. § 8.7.
1. … Australia often (to visit) by tourists from other countries? 2. Queen Elizabeth II (to crown) in 1952. 3. English (to speak) as a second language by many people in India, Pakistan and numerous countries in Africa. 4. The members of the House of Commons (to elect) by people. 5. This programme (not to show) on TV tomorrow. 6. In 1066, England (to conquer) by the Normans. 7. Why … the newspapers (not to bring) yesterday? 8. Scotland (to join) into the UK in 1707, after a long struggle for its independence.
*Exercise 12. Change these sentences into Passive. Pay attention to the prepositions. § 8.7.
E.g. We often speak about her. – She is often spoken about.
1. We thought about our friend all the time. 2. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 3. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 4. Everybody listened to the lecturer with great attention. 5. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday. 6. The young mothers look after their babies with great care. 7. Nobody lives in that old house. 8. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject.
*Exercise 13. Rewrite these sentences using the Passive Voice. § 8.7.
Model: They didn’t give me the money. → I wasn’t given the money.
1. The asked him some difficult questions at the interview.
2. Ann’s friends were telling her an interesting story, when I came.
3. Nobody told me that George was ill.
4. How much will they pay you?
5. The landlady gave them the cottage for a week.
6. Has anybody shown you what to do?
7. The company will offer him this job, I think.
Exercise 14. Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. § 8.7.
1. They were playing tennis from four till five. 2. At twelve o’clock the workers were loading the trucks. 3. By six o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 4. They will show this film on TV. 5. Has anybody explained the rules of the games to you? 6. They haven’t brought back my skates. 7. Has the secretary typed the letters? – No, she is typing them now. 8. They did not invite her to the party. 9. Have you written the letter yet? 10. They haven’t told us a lot of interesting things. 11. Someone wants you on the phone. 12. What music were they playing? 13. The earliest known name of Great Britain is Albion. Since 2002 the official government yearbooks have only used the term “United Kingdom”.
*Exercise 15. Open the brackets using the right forms of the verb in the Passive Voice. § 8.7.