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Vocabulary. by the Constitution of 1787 and the amendments to it – По Конституции 1787 года и поправкам к ней


by the Constitution of 1787 and the amendments to it – По Конституции 1787 года и поправкам к ней

the executive, legislative and judicial branches of power – исполнительная, законодательная и судебная ветви власти.

the Congress of the United States – конгресс Соединённых Штатов.

the Senate and the House of Representatives – Сенат и Палата представителей

for a term of 4 years – на (срок) 4 года

the number of representa­tives from each state – число представителей от каждого штата

to depend on the number of people in each particular state – зависеть от числа людей в каждом отдельном штате

in order to become a law – для того, чтобы стать законом

to pass both the Houses – пройти обе палаты

the executive power in the United States is vested in the President – исполнительная власть в Соединённых Штатах возложена на Президента

the presidential election – Президентские выборы

to carry out the programmers of the Government – выполнять программы правительства

ambassadors to other countries – послы в другие страны

to appoint Federal Judges – назначать федеральных судей

to be influential – быть влиятельным

Chief Justice of the USA – Верховный Судья Соединённых Штатов

Associate Justices – члены коллегии Верховного Суда

to try criminal and civil cases – рассматривать уголовные и гражданские дела

the governor of the state – губернатор штата

By the Constitution of 1787 the government of the USA is com­posed of three branches: the executive one, the legislative one, and the judicial one.

The highest executive power in the US is vested in the Presi­dent, who is elected for a term of 4 years. The President of the USA must be a native born citizen, resident in the country for 14 years and at least 35 years old.

The President is to carry out the programmes of the Govern­ment, to recommend much of the legislation to the Congress. He is to appoint Federal Judges, ambassadors to other countries and head of various departments.

The legislative power belongs to the Congress of the US con­sisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representa­tives.

In order to become a law all bills and resolutions must pass both the Houses and must be signed by the President.

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the USA and the head of the judicial branch of power. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the USA and a number of Associ­ate Justices. The district courts are the lowest ones in the Federal court system. Most of the criminal and civil cases are tried by these courts.


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