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Answer the following questions. 1. What is junk food and by whom was this term coined?

1. What is junk food and by whom was this term coined?

2. What do common junk foods include?

3. What does junk food consumption alter?

4. What happens with mothers who eat junk food during pregnancy?

5. What babies are more prone to junk food?

6. What is a snack? What was snack traditionally prepared from?

7. When may a beverage be considered a snack?

8. How is processed snack food designed?

9. Why do people make a conscious effort to eat healthier, natural snack?

10. A 2010 study showed that children in the United States snacked on average six times per day, didn`t they?

Be ready to retell the text.

Text 2.

Whole foods

Master the active vocabulary.

indulgence –1. снисхождение, снисходительность, терпимость; 2. потворство, потакание

casserole –запеканка

abdominal –абдоминальный, брюшной

self-medication –самолечение

geriatric –гериатрический (относящийся к лечению пожилых и старых людей).

bran –отруби

germ –зародыш, эмбрион, завязь

legume –боб, стручковое растение

seeds –семена

Whole foods are foods that are unprocessed and unrefined, or processed and refined as little as possible, before being consumed. Whole foods typically do not contain added ingredients, such as salt, carbohydrates, or fat. Examples of whole foods include unpolished grains, beans, fruits, vegetables and non-homogenized dairy products. Although, originally all human food was whole food, one of the earliest uses of the term post-industrial age was in 1960 when the leading organic food organization called the Soil Association open a shop in the name selling organic and whole grain products in London, UK.

The term is often confused with organic food, but whole foods are not necessarily organic, nor are organic foods necessarily whole.

The United States Food and Drug Administration defines whole grains as cereal grains containing the bran, endosperm and germ of the original grain. Federal Dietary Guidelines issued by the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion in 2005 recommended the consumption of at least three servings of whole grains each day, as there is evidence that they help cut risk of cancer and heart disease.

"Diets rich in whole and unrefined foods, like whole grains, dark green and yellow/orange-fleshed vegetables and fruits, legumes, nuts and seeds, contain high concentrations of antioxidant phenolics, fibers and numerous other phytochemicals that may be protective against chronic diseases."

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