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1. Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии расположено на Британских островах и состоит из Англии, Уэльса Шотландии и Северной Ирландии.

2. Великобритания не включает Северную Ирландию.

3. Столица Англии и Королевства – Лондон, Уэльса – Кардиф, Шотландии – Эдинбург, Северной Ирландии – Белфаст.

4. Северное море и Ла-Манш отделяют Британские острова от континента.

5. На Британских островах можно увидеть горы, равнины, долины.

  1. Самая высокая гора Великобритании – Бер Невис.
  2. Самая длинная река Великобритании – Северн, а самая важная – Темза.
  3. Атлантический океан и теплые воды Гольфстрима влияют на климат Британских островов, делая его мягким.
  4. Соединенное Королевство – высокоразвитая промышленная страна.
  5. Соединенное Королевство – конституционная монархия; глава государства – королева; а премьер министр правит страной.

Speak on the topic: “Great Britain”.

Read and translate the text B.


In England it is never too hot or too cold. This is because of the sea which keeps the island warm in winter and makes the air cool in summer.

The weather in England changes very often. They never have the same kind of weather for a long time.

In spring the weather is generally mild but sometimes they have really cool days. In summer it is not so hot as on the continent. In winter they have all sorts of weather. Sometimes it rains and sometimes it snows. In England it is never so cold in winter as on the continent, the rivers and lakes are seldom covered with ice.

But the worst thing about the climate in England is the thick fog which they so often have in autumn and in winter. In London the fog is sometimes so thick that cars run into one another. The fog is one of the worst typical features of London and the Londoners cannot imagine their capital without it, as we cannot picture winter in Leningrad without snow.

Answer the following questions.

1. Is it hot or cold in England?

2. What keeps the island warm in winter?

3. What is the weather in spring?

4. What is the weather in summer?

5. What is the weather in autumn?

6. What is the weather in winter?

7. Is the weather the same in England as on the continent?

8. What is the worst thing about the climate in England?

9. What do they have fogs?

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